Monday, June 26, 2017

Pike on the Fly and Eat like a fish Citizen Science


Hugo is back with another sea robin recipe. Kate Masury from Eating With Ecosystem joins us to talk about their citizen science project #eatlikeafish. Kate tells us about The 5 Anchors PRINCIPLES OF A PLACE-BASED APPROACH TO SUSTAINING WILD SEAFOOD 1. Proximity 2. Symmetry 3. Adaptability 4. Connectivity 5. Community Then Rich Collins is back with a Fly Fishing for Pike Segment, special thanks to Bill from Lopstick Lodge for putting Rich on some big fish.


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Monday, June 19, 2017

Eat Sea Robin Roe and Speak Up For the Blue


This week on the show Hugo is back with a great sea robin recipe. We can't wait to hear what you think about this. Andrew Lewin from Speak Up For the Blue interviews Clay about seafood. Please check out the Speak Up For the Blue Podcast, you will love it. We are giving away a groundfishing trip with Captain Shawn on www.mainetunafishing.com  Thanks everyone.


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Monday, June 12, 2017

Eating Smooth Dog Fish Are Cormorants a Conservation Win or Fishy Pest


Welcome to the Fish Nerds Today on the show! Killing Fish and Time with Hugo We are trying something new. There has been some demand for fishing reports, so we are asking listeners to call 607-378-FISH and leave a voicemail for us. Simply leave us a short (less than a minute) fishing report from wherever you are. If you own a business or charter service, you can drop your website in there too. We will play the fishing reports after each show. And we explore the question are Cormorants a conservation win or a pest. Our show is brought to you by YOU our listeners we are crowd funded through Patreon. We ask that if you like this show you head to www.patreon.com/fishnerds and give us $1 per episode. So $4 a month. This money goes directly to keeping this show going. We use the money to cover show expenses and buy good microphones and more. If you own a business and want us to mention your business on the show donate at the $25 level and we will give you a shout out. Like our friend Josh Lopes, www.lopestax.com if you are in MA and need a great accountant, he is your guy... he also is my neighbor in NH sometimes. Thai Green Curry Dogfish According to some studies smooth dogfish have more mercury than most other fish. So we need to be careful here. Fish in the News Cormorants are they a conservation win or a pest? http://joinvmp.com/fishnerds For you, the listeners of The Fish Nerds Podcast, Vinyl Me, Please is a vinyl record of the month club. The best record club, in fact. Every month, Vinyl Me, Please features one album that is essential to the modern vinyl collection and sends it to thousands of members worldwide. They will send you a super cool record paired with a cocktail recipe so you can be a little more of a music nerd. To join their record club go to joinvmp.com/fishnerds. Again, that's www.joinvmp.com/fishnerds to join Vinyl Me, Please today. Facebook convo about cormorants - I got super defensive for the birds as I tire of “Bucket Biologists” deciding who should live and die. So I spoke out before doing my homework... That said the more I read about the issue, the less I know. I have like Bi-polar cormorant control ideas... I swing from let them live, to kill a bunch and see what happens, you will hear that in my interview today. Here are some facts we need to work with According to: Sea Grant There are Thousands of cormorants nesting on Lake champlain - Compared to 35 in 1982 Cormorants aren’t considered Natives Cormorants eat on average 1lb of fish per day. Their diet is almost an exact ratio of fish species in the lake 70% yellow perch. They are opportunistic and will eat freshly stocked fish (easy targets) http://www.naturalhistorymag.com/features/19298/to-kill-a-cormorant?page=2 https://apnews.com/9e8616b00124416a9df9d3eb5b50fe78/decision-reviled-sea-birds-has-foes-feeling-helpless That’s it you’ve listened to a bunch of Fish Nerds when you should have been fishing Special thanks to Hugo Medierios for his dogfish segment an his willingness to suffer the effects of mercury poisoning for you and our friend Rob Thorne from Captain Thorny’s Fishing Charters on Lake Champlain. Captain Thorny’s Fishing Charters CAPTAIN ROBERT THORNE (802)999-7779 Big thanks also to Diana’s Bath Salts for providing the Fish in the News Jingle. Until next time: Follow the code of the fish nerds Spawn early and often Avoid Free Lunches with Strings attached And Swim against the current every chance you get. Now time for your local fishing report, Please call 607-378-FISH to leave a report Thanks to www.mainetunafishing.com


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Monday, June 5, 2017

Sustainable "Sensible" Seafood at the Virginia Aquarium #158


We spent the week at the Virginia Aquarium and Marine Science Center. We talk sustainable seafood with scientists, fish mongers, regular people and have tons of fun.


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Monday, May 29, 2017

Virginia Aquarium Marine Science Center - Lunch and Learn -Special Edition 157


The Virginia Aquarium and Marine Science Center brought the Fish Nerds in for their Sensible Seafood Festival. In this special edition you will hear Clay Groves present live the Story of the Quest to Catch and Eat Every Kind of Freshwater Fish in New Hampshire. Special Thanks to Karen Burns and Leslie Clements for their support all week. www.virginiaaquarium.com


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Monday, May 22, 2017

News Down Under Seal Impacts on Fish Stocks Fly Fishng Advice Episode 156


Luke Chamings from Chamo's Lures joins us to bring us some Fishy News from Australia! Andrew Lewin fom the Speak Up For Blue Podcasts teaches us a little about the impact seals have on cod stocks. And listeners call in with tons of great (and weird) fly fishing advice!


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Monday, May 15, 2017

John Gierach A Fly Rod of Your Own FN Book Club Episode 155


The FN Book Club is back! This month we read John Gierach's newest book "A Fly Rod of Your Own" we loved the book and we got to talk with John! This is a big deal. Thanks to Simon and Schuster for helping us set this up. John Gierach, “the voice of the common angler” (The Wall Street Journal) and member of the Fly Fishing Hall of Fame, brings his sharp sense of humor and keen eye for observation to the fishing life and, for that matter, life in general. John Gierach is known for his witty, trenchant observations about fly-fishing. In A Fly Rod of Your Own (Simon & Schuster; April 4, 2017; $25.00), Gierach once again takes us into his world and scrutinizes the art of fly-fishing. He travels to remote fishing locations where the airport is not much bigger than a garage and a flight might be held up because a passenger is running late. He sings the praises of the skilled pilots who fly to remote fishing lodges in tricky locations and bad weather. He explains why even the most veteran fisherman seems to muff his cast whenever he’s being filmed or photographed. He describes the all-but-impassable roads that fishermen always seem to encounter at the best fishing spots and why fishermen discuss four-wheel drive vehicles almost as passionately and frequently as they discuss fly rods and flies. And while he’s on that subject, he explains why even the most conscientious fisherman always seems to accumulate more rods and flies than he could ever need. Fish In the News Fish in the News https://thehustle.co/bumblebee-tuna-price-fixing http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/sunken-ships-lake-michigan-are-visible-ghostly-blue-180955108/


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Monday, May 8, 2017

I've Got 99 Problems But Fishing Aint 1 Fish Nerds #154


Doc Martin Checks in with a great Parody of Jay Z's classic, "I've got 99 Problems" Andrew Lewin (Speak up for Blue Podcast) http://www.speakupforblue.com/ Checks in with his segment speak up for the FN Blue, we learn about whale stranding and why we might want to give Bill Nye the Science Guy a little credit. I went to the Dole & Bailey Pop up food show with Amanda from the Great Beer Adventure Podcast Kevin Edmonds chatted with us Then we talked with Spencer Montgomery Fish Monger from a rod and reel boat. We talked to Jarvis Greene former New England Patriot and now Shrimp Monger owner of Ocean 97 Vicotria's Gourmet "Rubs" chatted with us and gave us some rubs! Finally Whiskey Time! With Wiggly Bridge Distillery http://wigglybridgedistillery.com/ Enjoy the


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Monday, May 1, 2017

Fish Nerds Podcast 153 Five Essential Flies for Fly Fishing and Postfly Box


5 Flies every freshwater fisher needs -Rich Collins Elk Hair Caddis (Caddis on the surface, dry fly that can be stripped under the surface or skittered) Black Wooly Bugger (I prefer cone head with legs) (Stonefly or leech emulator) Bead head nymph - essentially emulates nymphs of any species (Gold Ribbed Hare’s Ear or Prince Nymph) Parachute Adams - an all around mayfly staple San Juan Worm - its a worm fly. A good old fashioned trout worm/Dilliy emulator. Trail it off an egg pattern and you get what they call a “Spaghetti and Meatball” rig. Bonus points: The duracell. Its a UV threaded numph on a jig head. Think of it as the “Iron man” fly - an all business, all action Nymph. Rich sat down with the folks over at Postfly Box monthly subscription service www.postflybox.com Fish in the News Fish in the News https://www.saltstrong.com/articles/fishing-lure-left-in-a-fishs-mouth/?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=Blog&utm_content=Fishing+lure+in+mouth#content http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/793449/Fish-facts-pool-knowledge-solve-problems-study?utm_source=applenews http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2017/04/24/525111293/what-fish-is-good-for-me-and-the-planet-new-documentary-explores


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Monday, April 24, 2017

Fish Nerds Podcast 152 Folly Beach Taxonomy Killing Trout


We make a trip to Folly Beach SC and meet Actors and Producers Clarence Felder and Chris Weatherhead - http://www.actorstheatreofsc.org/ Hugo is back to talk about cooking trout Doc Martin makes Taxonomy fun again Andrew Lewin from Speak Up for Blue Podcast talks about science Have fun


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Monday, April 17, 2017

Fish Nerds 151 Pink Floyd Shrimp


The FN Book Club is back and we chat about the "Founding Fish" with our FN Librarian Jeff Danaldson. Doc Martin Checks in with some special news and Andrew Lewin (from the Speak Up for the Blue Podcast) brings us a story about a new "Pink Floyd" Shrimp.


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Monday, April 10, 2017

Fish Nerds 150 Fish Eyes Easy Sibiki Fishy Conservation


April is National Poetry Month, so my kid Zoe asked me if she could read a beautiful poem about fishing. Speaking of Literature, we have an FN Book Club Next week we will be talking about the Founding Fish The Doctor is in! Our FN Librarian Jeff Danaldson will join us to talk about American Shad https://www.goodreads.com/group/show/216569-fish-nerds-book-club If you want to be part of the discussion call 607-378-FISH or Join the FN Bookclub group on Good Reads Fish in the News http://www.wbur.org/npr/522731573/the-race-to-fish-slows-down-why-thats-good-for-fish-fishermen-and-diners Interview Phillip Brown from New Zealand inventor of BlackBow | The Easy Sabiki

Big thanks to Diana's Bath Salts for Fish In the News Music


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Monday, April 3, 2017

Fish Nerds Podcast 149 Lamprey Varmints Speak Up for the FN Blue


We are so lucky to have friends like Paul and Donna Hosts of the Varmints Podcast, one of out favorite podcasts. Please subscribe to their show on iTunes or wherever you get your podcasts We learn all about the Mighty Sea Lamprey and have a lot of fun. Our famous fish quiz is back and we find out that being from Colorado makes one a drug expert News http://www.seeker.com/lamprey-eels-fall-from-sky-over-alaska-1769933360.html Lamprey's Make an appearance on Sponge Bob


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Monday, March 27, 2017

Fish Nerds Podcast 148 Fly Fishing Lead Loons and Conservation


What’s the worst fishing advice you’ve been given? Fish in the News! http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/gwyneth-paltrow-brings-up-a-good-point-about-not-eating-octopus_us_58d295fee4b0f838c62e7765? NH has some of the most restrictive lead bans in the country, but some say it’s too much! Here is what some folks are saying on facebook… Names have been altered! So when are WE fishermen going to push back against this lead law? I mean, maybe not get rid of it totally but have it rewritten... Shouldn’t be all lead... Should only be lead sinkers... Painted jigs, with hooks should be excluded! So many types of lures that aren't made without lead... Not to mention the price... Of the bird people can make the law, no reason why we can't get it rewritten to not COMPLETELY screw us... Mike Its the ones with the hooks that are the worse. Lead is bad for the environment and all health. Period. Yeah, its kind of annoying, but it would be better for the market in general to move away from lead. The last part is the real problem Ray The law should be like Maine's lead law... NH needs to stop trying to be so different from Maine and start looking toward them for guidance... Lol Steve Loons don't eat lead shot larger than #4 shot. Lead split sinkers are mostly bigger than that. Too many anti, loon lovers in NH F&G. Raymond Everything that is made of lead they make in tungsten or bismuth . Bismuth I'd the same price as lead .Lead free bass jigs.Com . And ray to your thoughts on getting it changed never ever going to happen . I don't care if you got every fisherman in the state it still isn't going to change. Now go check out ken's site and replace your equipment like I've had to do and everyone else has had to. I've easily got a $300 worth of lead I just use it when I go to fla. Only one I disagree with is spinnerbaits . Ain't no way in the world a loon is going to swallow a spinnerbaits . Besides a pelican there isn't a bird big enough to swallow one of those . Rich I get pissy too when I look at my lead tackle but think of the time and money spent on lead poisoning and pollution. It's an inconvenience but filling our waters regularly with a known toxin is just plain irresponsible. I fully support a lead ban, as does the research, so I am happy to see our New England states making smart decisions not moving backwards Raynor U say states... Only NH is so strict that it over does it... For example... Maine has a lead law. But it's directed toward lead sinkers... But painted jigs are ok... NH doesn't care that paint creates a border so if a bird were to eat it the fact of it Rich That's a fun argument but lead is dangerous when mixed with water, period. Might I remind you of this. And yes, I know, that was not caused by fishing tackle, but why should we fill our environment with a highly toxic substance if we don't have to? If we all chose to voluntarily reduce lead use, the nanny laws wouldn't exist. https://www.google.com/.../toxic-water-soaring-lead.../ |Chris Completely agree sucks cause tungsten jigs or tinget expensive but in the long run its a better decision Tim It's not about lead or loons. It's about the leftists showing they can push their agenda. Watermelons, green on the outside red on the inside. Steve . I have gone to tungsten, but this law was nothing more than an effort pushed thru by the loon preservation society. It's funny to me that 35 years ago if I saw a loon it was a real event something to talk about. My guess is that had something to do with DDT. Now they are in every waterbody in the state, and guess what? They made that comeback over the last 35 years with all of us using lead tackle! It's not like we stopped using lead last year and the loons all showed up. I think there could be some adjustments to the law that might be a good compromise Steve And don't tell me the costs are not a real difference. When I owned Upper Valley Outfitters, I could buy jigs for walleye fishing wholesale at about.35 cents each. Tungsten was .92 cents. That sounds trivial, but the Connecticut River tends to eat tackle so it got too expensive for some fishermen. That's just what I observed Travis The law is so stupid. I completely agree. I'm not paying 4 dollars more for jigs that are not lead. And the jigs I've trusted and used for years are lead. How about drop shot weights? They are so expensive if they aren't lead and you tend to lose them. So there's 14 bucks Every time you go out when they lead ones are a quarter of the cost. In the long run it will cost hundreds if not thousands more for gear. Which I simply cannot afford. Ted Williams I've fished in NH since the lead ban and have not suffered even a little. Good for NH for leading the way. No one's "screwing" anyone. Here's piece I did for TNC explaining what some anglers need to learn: http://blog.nature.org/science/2016/11/28/recovery-saving-common-loon-lead-fishing-tackle-poisoning-birds/ Denise Having managed a marina on Squam, I can tell you in just one summer on Little Squam we had 3 loons in our harbor that ingested lead we were able to capture because they were sick and 2 died. All were x-rayed and they had lead in their stomachs Kyle Loins is funny! David Just use tungsten Ted Williams Non-toxic metals including steel, bismuth, copper and tin are cheap and readily available. Tungsten is relatively expensive but weighs more than lead. Non-toxics hold up better than lead, don’t snag as easily, keep tackle boxes cleaner and are safe for humans. Now there are even ceramic and natural rock sinkers. Speak Up for the FN Blue with Andrew Lewin Promo Mystery Tackle Box code FISHNERDS to save 5 bucks


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Monday, March 20, 2017

Fish Nerds 147 Live at Kittery Trading Post


Live At Kittery Trading Post! We spent the day hanging out at Kittery Trading Post, we met a ton of great people and caught up with some old friends.


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Monday, March 13, 2017

Fish Nerds 146 Homeless Fish Marketing the Guide Service and My Friend Nick


WE HAVE A SPONSOR - www.mysterytacklebox.com Promo Code FISHNERDS to save $5 off your first box Ice Fishing Business update How I marketed the fish nerds guide service -Podcast -Newspaper Ads -Chamber of Commerce -Social Media -Marketing - Christian Mower and Tony Zore of Magic 104 came ice fishing and produced this story -Conway Sun did a six page story including a cover story! Some things I’ve learned... -Don’t take cash at the boat launch -Clients Do not understand what waterproof boots are -Always feed clients -Guides are territorial -Guiding is expensive FN Book Club - Founding Fish, after reading it call 607-378-FISH to start a conversation - We are recording the episode on April 10! Fish in the News! http://www.postandcourier.com/archives/woman-sees-image-of-jesus-on-the-back-of-a/article_e319b7e2-047c-53f3-8859-0b4619c51a34.html http://www.wlwt.com/article/man-accused-of-stealing-thousands-of-dollars-worth-of-fishing-gear/8990852 http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/communities/north-county/sd-no-koi-show-20170228-story.html


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Monday, March 6, 2017

FN 145 Carrie Z Hunt Fish Travel Purple Octopus and More Reasons to Fly Fish


Intro Guest read by Wachusett Reservoir Addicts I’m Carrie Z of the HuntFishTravel Podcast, and of the Adventure & Travel Podcast launching this summer! Clay: Anything is fair game and it's a good bet that after today’s show you’re going to want to fish more and talk less. This episode is brought to you by you! Our Patreon Supporters, our top tier supporter is Josh Lopes, Josh Lopes is an accountant and tax season is coming up. Josh also owns a vacation rental property next door to my house. If you want a great tax guy and are in Massachussetts give Josh a call http://www.lopestax.com/ you can find links and phone numbers at Fish Nerds.com If you want to support the Fish Nerds head over to Patreon.com/fishnerds we are asking fans to donate t dollar per episode Segment 1 Spearing Fish with Carrie Z (11 minutes) http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/fishing/sturgeon/sturgeonlakewinnebago.html Promo Outdoor Podcast Channel Segment 2 (10 Minutes) Rich Collins - Fly Fishing Minute www.thirstproductions.com Segment 3 (7 minutes) Purple Octopus Killing fish and time with Hugo https://www.facebook.com/groups/outdoorculinary/ Purple Octopus 1 octopus, beak and eyes removed 1 red cabbage, sliced so it’ll fit in a juicer Juice or puree one head of red cabbage. Place the octopus in a tupperware and cover with the cabbage juice. Place in fridge for 24 hours then remove and rinse. *At this point I vacuum sealed and cooked the octopus using the Sous Vide device but you could otherwise bring it to a boil and cook on medium heat in water for 20 minutes per pound. Sous Vide Method Preheat Sous Vide bath to 180 F Vacuum seal the octopus and cook in Sous Vide for four hours. At this point the octopus will be perfectly tender and ready to use in any recipe. I used my Searzall food torch to give it some color and a little charring Segment 4 Convincing Clay to Fly Fish Michael Frank www.franksflyarts.com Ken Edmonds of Georgia talks fly-fishing & Dave Whitlock Big thanks to Mystery Tackle box for supporting this episode, to get 5 dollars off your first order www.mysterytacklebox.com Unboxing Fish in the News http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/brazilian-city-uses-tilapia-fish-skin-treat-burn-victims/ http://www.foxnews.com/travel/2017/02/07/annual-japanese-snow-art-festival-uses-real-frozen-fish-in-controversial-display.html Clay: So that is it. you have listen to a couple of Fish Nerds when you could have been fishing, Carrie : We’d like to thank our families for supporting us while we podcast, go on fishing Quests and do all sorts of silly things that NERDS do. If you would like to support Fish Nerds you can go to Patreon.com and search for Fish Nerds and help us crowd fund this podcast! CLAY: Special Thanks to Carrie Z of the Hunt FIsh travel podcast Carrie: And until next time, follow the code of the Fish Nerd: Spawn early and often; Clay: Avoid free lunches with strings attached; Carrie: swim against the current every chance you get.


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Tuesday, February 28, 2017

Fish Nerds Episode 144 Outdoor Advebtures with Jayson Sacco


We get to hang out with Jayson Sacco of the Outdoor Adventures with Jayson. http://outdooradventureswithjayson.com/category/podcast/ We go deep into why we make podcasts, fishing and hunting ethics and all sorts of outdoor adventures. This episode is sponsored byb Mystery Tackle Box, head to www.mysterytacklebox.com enter code FISHNERDS at check out to save $5 off your first order. Enjoy the show


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Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Episode 143 FN BookClub Why Fly Fish I Hate Mola Mola


Guest intro 0:10 US Intro 3:00 WE HAVE A SPONSOR - MTB Promo Code FISHNERDS https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10154428988416608&set=gm.1474843592556468&type=3 Segment A 11:00 FN Book Club “Cod” The Founding Fish by John Mcphee for the next FN Book Club Promo 0:30 Patreon - Big thanks to our newest Patrons! Rich Collins, Ed hind and Backwoods Graphics Segment B 8:20 Fish in the News http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/fish-dont-do-so-well-space-180961817/?utm_source=keywee-facebook.com&utm_medium=socialmedia&utm_campaign=keywee&kwp_0=315257 http://www.tu.org/blog-posts/brookies-do-better-without-brown-trout https://phys.org/news/2017-02-percent-fish-fishmeal-prime.html Great Rotary Ice Fishing Derby - Interview with one of the winners (pretaped) www.iceshanty.com 0:30 You need to have seen it by now, however simply in case — a Fb standing from Cincinnati resident Scout Burns, itemizing all of the explanation why they hate the mola mola a.okay.a ocean sunfish, has gone tremendous-viral, and with good purpose. Clay: So that is it. you have listen to a couple of Fish Nerds when you could have been fishing, Jeff : We’d like to thank our families for supporting us while we podcast, go on fishing Quests and do all sorts of silly things that NERDS do. If you would like to support Fish Nerds you can go to Patreon.com and search for Fish Nerds and help us crowd fund this podcast! CLAY: Special Thanks to Jeff Danaldson Jeff: And until next time, follow the code of the Fish Nerd: Spawn early and often; Clay Avoid free lunches with strings attached; Jeff : swim against the current every chance you get.


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Monday, February 13, 2017

Valentines Edition 142 Love Fish Nerds Style with Great Beer Adventure 2


Intro Read, Dave Perry from www.wickedfishah.com Valentines Special SPECIAL gUEST Amanda from the Great Beer Adventure Podcast www.greatbeeradventure.com Clay - Hey Amanda, thanks for coming on the show! - Tell us about the Great Beer adventure, what is your origin story? What are you drinking tonight Well this is the Fish Nerds Valentines special, because nobody is more romantic than a nerd! Let’s talk about love making, and make no mistake, fish make lots of love.. Not sure if love is the right word! Preview for Next week’s show Saltfish= Another name for girl parts ... Next week we introduce a brand new segment for the show #FNbookclub Jeff Danaldson (Librarian) will lead us through a discussion about Cod: A Biography of the Fish that Changed the World-Mark-Kurlansky Segment 1 Fish Love Percula Clownfish: Your Mommy Was Your Daddy. (from neatorama.com) In Disney's animated movie Finding Nemo, the animators forgot to tell you one thing about clownfish: they can change gender! Clownfish live in a group consisting of a breeding pair of male and female, as well as some non-breeding males. There is strict hierarchy based on size: the largest is the female, next largest is the male, and then the non-breeding males.If the female dies (or gets fished, I suppose), the male will change sex and become the female! Then the largest of the non-breeding males will get a promotion to become the breeding male. Sneaker Male http://the-earth-story.com The most common mating strategy involves a large adult male (age 7+) building a nest and then providing parental care for his offspring. The male will groom the eggs with his tail and will attack anything that comes near his nest. Males even protect the nest after the eggs have hatched. The larger the male, the better chances he will have of defending himself and his offspring. Nesting is a way for a male to show off his fitness and reproductive ability. These older males also develop a dark spot behind the gills and brilliant blue coloration, which is a very noticeable signal that the male is ready to mate. Physical displays that symbolize reproductive fitness are common in the animal kingdom, but this does not always mean the largest male is the only one to reproduce. There are adaptations within bluegill populations that work around the parental male life cycle. Some bluegill males use what scientists have named “cuckolding” or “sneaking”. Sneaker males, smaller and younger (age 2+) than their parental male competitors, wait until the nesting male and female are about to spawn. As the female begins releasing eggs into the water for the male to fertilize, the sneaker will dart into the nest and quickly release his milt (sperm) in the hopes that he will at least fertilize some of the eggs. Sneaker males are unusual enough but there are also “satellite” males. Smaller male bluegill will develop the coloration and behavior of female bluegill. Female bluegill lack the bright colors that males have. This helps disguise them from the larger, aggressive parental males. Once the male and female begin fertilization, the mimic will swim up to the female and release his milt. The adult male does not see it as a threat so both males are able to reproduce. These three life histories do not overlap. Parental males are always parental males since they tend to mature later in life. Sneakers and satellites begin mating around age 2 and usually live much short lives than male parents. This is where the tradeoff mentioned above becomes evident. Parental males live longer, mature at an older age and are the most likely to produce the most offspring. Sneakers and satellites mate at a younger age but will likely produce less viable offspring. It is currently unknown what determines if a male becomes a parent, sneaker or satellite. It is believed to be a combination of genetics as well as environmental pressures (such as a lake filled with many large males) that determine which life history a male will follow. A nightmare for Male Anglerfish http://mentalfloss.com/article/57800/horrors-anglerfish-mating When you think of an anglerfish, you probably think of something like the creature above: Big mouth. Gnarly teeth. Lure bobbing from its head. Endless nightmares following. During the 19th century, when scientists began to discover, describe, and classify anglerfish from a particular branch of the anglerfish family tree—the suborder Ceratioidei—that’s what they thought of, too. The problem was that they were only seeing half the picture. The specimens that they were working with were all female, and they had no idea where the males were or what they looked like. Researchers sometimes found some other fish that seemed to be related based on their body structure, but they lacked the fearsome maw and lure typical of ceratioids and were much smaller—sometimes only as long as six or seven millimeters—and got placed into separate taxonomic groups. It wasn’t until the 1920s—almost a full century after the first ceratioid was entered into the scientific record—that things started to become a little clearer. In 1922, Icelandic biologist Bjarni Saemundsson discovered a female ceratioid with two of these smaller fish attached to her belly by their snouts. He assumed it was a mother and her babies, but was puzzled by the arrangement. “I can form no idea of how, or when, the larvae, or young, become attached to the mother. I cannot believe that the male fastens the egg to the female,” he wrote. “This remains a puzzle for some future researchers to solve.” When Saemundsson kicked the problem down the road, it was Charles Tate Regan, working at the British Museum of Natural History in 1924, who picked it up. Regan also found a smaller fish attached to a female ceratioid. When he dissected it, he realized it wasn’t a different species or the female angler’s child. It was her mate. The “missing” males had been there all along, just unrecognized and misclassified, and Regan and other scientists, like Norwegian zoologist Albert Eide Parr, soon figured out why the male ceratioids looked so different. They don’t need lures or big mouths and teeth because they don’t hunt, and they don’t hunt because they have the females. The ceratioid male, Regan wrote, is “merely an appendage of the female, and entirely dependent on her for nutrition.” In other words, a parasite. When ceratioid males go looking for love, they follow a species-specific pheromone to a female, who will often aid their search further by flashing her bioluminescent lure. Once the male finds a suitable mate, he bites into her belly and latches on until his body fuses with hers. Their skin joins together, and so do their blood vessels, which allows the male to take all the nutrients he needs from his host/mate’s blood. The two fish essentially become one. Segment 2 Guides Corner, with Michael Frank www.franksflyarts.com PROMO The Fish Nerds are part of the Outdoor Podcast channel! All your outdoor podcasts needs on one feed! Check it out wherever you get your podcasts. Everyday another outdoor show! So fish shows, hunting shows, travel shows, camping shows and much more. Check it out! Segment 3: Product Reviews “Garmin Striker 4” fish finder Segment 4: Fish in the News Cod Love http://www.cnn.com/2016/10/05/europe/cod-accents-breeding-noise/ (Tweeted) Zachary David ‏@Adironzach @FishNerds Frozen fish in the news! http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/02/fish-pike-bass-ice-fishing-lake-indiana/ http://chicago.suntimes.com/news/shedds-grandad-worlds-oldest-aquarium-fish-dies/ Segment 5 Do fish kiss? http://freshaquarium.about.com/cs/anabantids2/p/kissinggourami.htm Clay So that is it. you have listen to a couple of Fish Nerds when you could have been fishing, Amanda: We’d like to thank our families for supporting us while we podcast, go on fishing Quests and do all sorts of silly things that Nerds do. If you would like to support Fish Nerds you can go to Patreon.com and search for Fish Nerds and help us crowd fund this podcast! Clay Special thanks to Amanda from the http://greatbeeradventure.com/ Amanda: And until next time, follow the code of the Fish Nerd: Spawn early and often; Clay Avoid free lunches with strings attached; Amanda swim against the current every chance you get.


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